Vatican City State (1929- )
"The Vatican, officially the Vatican City State and sometimes the incorrect Holy See, is the smallest independent state in the world, both in terms of its surface and its population, completely surrounded by Italy's main city, Rome. The Vatican officially inhabited the Pope and the territory of the Holy See, which represents the central authority with the governorate. As a sovereign state, the Vatican provides the Pope with full autonomy and protects it from external political influence. It was named after the Vatican hill on the right bank of the Tibere River. The Vatican is home to the most important Roman Catholic Church in the world, the Basilica of Saint Peter, one of the most important pilgrimage centers in the world. "