Cyprus - Republic
"Cyprus (Greek Κύπρος, Kýpros, Turkish Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakḗ Dēmokratía, Turkish Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) is a Eurasian island state in the eastern part of the Mediterranean south of Turkey, west of Levant, north of Egypt and east-south-east from Greece. Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the most popular tourist destinations since it is visited by over 2.4 million tourists every year. The former British colony became independent from the United Kingdom in 1960 and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in 1961. The Republic of Cyprus is a developed country, since 1 May 2004 it is also a member of the European Union. On 1 January 2008, the euro was introduced as its currency."